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John Tyler was the 10th president of the United States. John Tyler was born the son of John Tyler, Sr. (1747-1813) and Mary Armistead (1761-1797), in Charles City County, Virginia, as the second of eight children. He was the 10th President of the United States. Other offices held include Governor of Virginia, U.S. Senator, member of the House of Representatives, member of the Virginia House of Delegates, Captain of a military company, and other offices.

He was educated at William & Mary and went on to study law with his father. John Tyler was married twice. His first wife was Letitia Christian Tyler with whom he had 8 children; she died in the White House in September 1842. His second wife was Julia Gardiner Tyler (July 23, 1820 - July 10, 1889), with whom he had 7 children.

Tyler attended William & Mary in 1802-1807. His son Lyon Gardiner Tyler was President of William & Mary. He served as chancellor of William & Mary from 1859 until 1862. The honorary degree of Doctor of Laws was conferred on him in 1854 by William & Mary. A painting of Tyler hangs on the south wall of the Great Hall in the Wren Building. The painting (oil on canvas) is a copy of an original by an unknown artist and was painted by John Adams Elder (American, 1833-1895). Elder was born in Frederickburg, studied under Daniel Huntington in New York City, and held exhibitions in Richmond. He also fought for the Confederacy during the Civil War. This portrait was given to the College by Letitia Tyler Semple, daughter of President John Tyler.

Preceded by

College of William & Mary Chancellor

Succeeded by

George Washington 1788-1799

John Tyler 1859-1862

Hugh Blair Grigsby 1871-1881

Material in the Special Collections Research Center

Further Reading

  • John TylerThe Presidential biographies on are from "The Presidents of the United States of America," by Michael Beschloss and Hugh Sidey. Copyright 2009 by the White House Historical Association. Accessed August 26, 2016
  • "John Tyler." Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. Accessed August 26, 2016.


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A note about the contents of this site

This website contains the best available information from known sources at the time it was written. Unfortunately, many of the early original records of William & Mary were destroyed by fires, military occupation, and the normal effects of time. The information in this website is not complete, and it changes as we continue to research and uncover new sources.