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The Rough Ashler Club was a student organization at William & Mary in the 1920s. The organization was made up of both faculty and staff who were Freemasons. Some of the first members of the Rough Ashler Club included J.A.C. Chandler, president of William & Mary, and Kremer J. Hoke, Professor in Education and later Dean of the College (Flat Hat, 10/15/1920, pg. 3). The purpose of the club was to bring together masons at the College and to create a better relationship with Master Masons, whether they are students or faculty. The Rough Ashler Club was first organized in 1921, and in 1927 was chartered into the National Intercollegiate Fraternity of Masons, also known as Square and Compass. The local chapters of the Square and Compass were known as Squares (Flat Hat, 4/15/1927, pg. 6).

Material in the Special Collections Research Center


  • "Masons Organize," Flat Hat, 10/15/1920, pg. 3.
  • "Rough Ashler Chartered by Masonic Frat," Flat Hat, 4/15/1927, pg. 6.


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This website contains the best available information from known sources at the time it was written. Unfortunately, many of the early original records of William & Mary were destroyed by fires, military occupation, and the normal effects of time. The information in this website is not complete, and it changes as we continue to research and uncover new sources.